Santorini is a small island located in the southern Aegean Sea with shape created and sculptured by the volcanic eruptions back in the prehistoric time, which formulated the famous caldera.
“Santorini” as a name of the island was first time used by the Latin Empire, and is a reference to Saint Irene - the old cathedral of Perissa – which is a contraction of the name Santa Irini. Before, the island was known as Strogili ("the circular one"), Kallisti (“the most beautiful”) or simply Thera.
Major towns and villages of the island are Fira (capital), Oia (Ia), Imerovigli, Emporio, Kamari, Akrotiri (location of the famous prehistoric Minoan archaeological site) and Pyrgos.
Wine industry is based on the indigenous grape variety, Assyrtiko, and two other, Athiri and Aidani. White wines from the island are extremely dry with a strong, citrus scent and mineral and iodide salt aromas contributed by the ashy volcanic soil. Despite the lack of water on the island and rain during the summer, grapes grow on the eastern slopes, vines are cultivated in a round shaped way to be protected from the strong winds and the vines as well as other plants depend on the scant moisture provided by the common dew.